Node.js vs. Golang: Which is Better?

Mobile applications are one of the best ways to promote your brand, and that is exactly why every major business is using it nowadays. Although every organization is using the approach, how come some are a hit while others not so much?

You can announce the app design or features to be its primary selling point, but in reality, it is the backend. An efficient backend ensures the smooth functioning of the app’s functions and services. Now that you have the gist of the backend’s importance, it’s time for you to decide the development process to implement it.

The process sounds easier than it actually is, seeing the abundance of options to choose from. We have ASP.Net, PHP, Golang, and Node.js. Even amidst the most prestigious options, the most confusion arises between Node.js vs. Golang. If you are also stuck between them both, then the blog will help you choose one.

 

Points

Golang

Node.js

Introduction

10, November, 2009

27, May, 2009

Developer

Rob Pike, Robert Griesemer, Ken Thompson

Ryan Dahi

Latest Stable Version

1.13

12.18.0

Programming Languages

C++, Assembly Language, and Go

JavaScript, C, and C++

OS Support

Linux, macOS, Net BSD, Dragonfly BSD, etc.

IBM AIX, SmartOS, macOS, Windows, etc.

Learning Curve

Steep

Easy

Performance

High

Medium

Scalability

Easy

Medium

Developers’ Availability

Low

High

 

Why Node.js’ Server-Side Environment is Popular?

Unlike popular belief, Node.js is not merely a framework or programming language; it’s a multi-platform environment running on V8, a Chrome JavaScript engine. Founded in 2009, the platform is known for simplifying mobile and web app development processes.

Node.js proposes numerous benefits, such as:

Benefits of Using Node.js

Powerful Tech Stack

Node.js standouts from the competition with its ability to work on both backend and frontend. This improves the developer experience, increasing the reliability, efficiency, and the chances of code reusability.

Quick Event Modelling and Processing

With Just in Time (JIT) compilation framework, the V8 virtual machine improves the efficiency of the source code compilation, resulting in quick execution.

The feature makes Node.js ideal for platforms such as chats, video conferences, and online gaming, etc.

Caching

Single modules can be cached on Node.js, ensuring real-time cache, allowing some liberty to backend developers. The feature enhances the app’s capacity to load and react to requests as quickly as possible.

Live Data Streaming

Node.js’s capability to provide non-blocking I/O frameworks simplifies the organization's web and mobile development processes. This then results in offering quality outcomes that can be fetched live.

Extensible

Node.js is one of the most highly-extensible platforms on the web. You can quickly extend and customize Node.js according to your project requirements. You can use JSON for exchanging data between the web server and client while you can also build TCP, DNS, HTTP, etc. with the in-built APIs.

Why Golang’s Backend Technology is Special?

Golang, aka Google Go or simply Go, is considered to be an effective open-source hybrid and statically-typed programming language. The service seems similar to Java and C++ as it serves numerous advantages like:

Pros of Using Google Go Programming Language

Quick and Simple Development

Google Go is considered one of the best due to its sheer speed and simplicity when it comes to development. The simplicity emerges due to its straightforward syntax programmed upon features, leaving no space for type and class inheritance.

Due to this, the developers can easily launch their product, receive feedback, and make necessary adjustments.

Smooth Coding

Golang is a unique statically-typed language packing a robust typization. The strictness of Go forces businesses to write useful and accurate codes. This helps them in the long run as they get the opportunity to get clean codes at a rapid pace.

Garbage Collection

Google Go has functions like Garbage collection/ Automatic Memory Management. With recurring operations with different programs and implementing a mark & sweep algorithm, its latency has been lowered below 1ms.

Scalability

Golang is extremely scalable, facilitating the potency to handle several tasks simultaneously, even channels and goroutines.

Cross Compilation

Go’s ability to support cross-compilation is yet another reason to choose it as your server-side development. The compiler by Go allows developers to prepare binaries capable of supporting numerous Oss with simple commands.

Simply put, it enhances their capacity to cross-compile all source codes and launch them on different devices even without having to install Go.

How to Choose between Node.js vs. Golang?

Maturity

Although both languages were launched in 2009, Go has a clear distinction when it comes to maturity and decency. The reason is simple; Node.js has to operate with multiple APIs going constant changes.

Learning Curve

Node.js being one of the best JavaScript frameworks in 2020, relies heavily on the usage of JavaScript, making it easy to learn and get familiar with. Contrarily, Golang is a whole language, necessary for every company to be adept in. Overall, Node.js is deemed simpler when it comes to learning.

Performance

In the age-old competition of Goland vs. Node, Google Go is awarded the performance part. This happens because JavaScript takes considerable time to execute codes while Go does it easily. Moreover, Go also excels in memory-bound activities and sheer CPU performance.

Concurrency and Scalability

Node.js being a single-thread platform appears good on paper, but it offers hurdles for developers in large app management and multi-process execution.

Go proposes more refined concurrency alternatives to allow developers to handle several threads without putting any pressure on the RAM.

Developer Tools

Go does not possess a wide array of features like Node, which offers an abundance of in-built solutions. Node.js speeds up the development process while also depleting the costs. Contrarily, Golang, with its basic library, needs the help of third-party apps.

Deployment

Deployment is a section where Go wins since Node.js requires you to install Node Package Manager (NPM) on your server alongside pm2 to run it effectively. With Go’s backend application development, the need to locale perishes.

Any binary generating from the build automatically drops to the server, making Go a worthy language to switch from Node.js.

Issues Handling

The issue handling sector remains a close tie with both the programming languages offering optimal support to fixing the issues.

Community Support

Node.js offers a vibrant and wide open-source community housing countless contributors from brands like GoDaddy, IBM, Intel, Microsoft, and PayPal. Golang community is relatively smaller, making it lose this sector.

Easiness to Integrate Blockchain

When it comes to blockchain incorporation, Go stands out as the winner. Go entails apps and maps of any array holding both ordered and unordered hashes. So although Node.js looks more impressive on paper, it is Go that wins the round.

Wrapping Up

Now that you know a major chunk regarding the languages, you can see that both of them excel at different fronts. So it is all up to the organizations’ needs and requirements to pick one over the other. Go can be considered apt for developing a server-side environment for enterprise projects and microservices dealing with high pressure.

While Node.js is ideal for meeting development challenges with its built-in designs and solutions. In the end, the choice entirely depends on your project’s needs, so simply go through the blog and choose the best one for you.

 

 

Amit Manchanda

About the Author

Lalit Bansal is a founder and CEO of EIY SYS with 14 years of affluent experience in Blockchain, Cryptocurrency, ICO, Digital Marketing, Fintech, and Growth Hacking. An engineer by training and an entrepreneur by profession, his leadership, experience, and connections make him a smart advisor.

Get in touch with us!